For many people, short-term use of over-the-counter pain medications or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), such as ibuprofen, may provide temporary relief from jaw and muscle discomfort. When necessary, your health care provider can prescribe stronger pain or anti-inflammatory medications, muscle relaxants, or antidepressants to help ease symptoms.
Be sure to let your health care provider know about all the medications you currently take (including those that are over-the-counter or herbal remedies) and review medication side effects and possible interactions.
"This review found weak evidence indicating that intra-articular injections of sodium hyaluronate (a natural constituent of cartilage) and betamethasone (an anti-inflammatory steroid) had equivalent effectiveness in reducing pain and discomfort. Occlusal appliances when compared with diclofenac sodium (a non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug) showed a similar pain reduction, as did a comparison between the food supplement glucosamine and ibuprofen (a non-steroid anti-inflammatory).
Future studies should aim to provide reliable information about which therapeutic modality is likely to be more effective for the reduction of pain and other symptoms (e.g. joint sounds) of TMJ OA. Moreover, because the limited evidence available only covers a restricted number of interventions, comparisons with other therapeutic modalities should be encouraged. One of the authors' concerns was the large number of trials which included mixed groups of participants diagnosed with TMJ OA, in addition to other disorders of the TMJ, which could not be considered in this review."
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